Shila is the mnemonic listing of precepts, and by extension it is Vinaya, the moral way. Vinaya is the first of the “Three Baskets” or Tripitaka, the Buddhist canon, the others being Sutra and Abhidharma, the teachings and the commentaries.
The Ten Grave Precepts are ten ways to prompt our awareness of the Dharma, the peace and great harmony of life and death that is our universe. They not only prompt our awareness, they are expressions of perfection in the Dharma. Each precept is a paramita.
10 Buddhist Precepts
1. I undertake the precept to refrain from destroying living creatures.
(I shall not kill any beings)
2. I undertake the precept to refrain from taking that which is not given.
(I shall not steal)
3. I undertake the precept to refrain from sexual misconduct.
(If I am a monk or a nun, I will abstain from all sexual activities. If I am a layperson, I would only be with my spouse, restraining from all sexual thought, sexual speech, and sexual actions with whom who is not my spouse, or have sex in the inappropriate time )
4. I undertake the precept to refrain from faulty speech.
(I shall not lie, talk with double tongue, bear false witness against others, talk of others short-comings and faults, making jokes, or talk about irrelevant subjects that have no benefit for my quest to become enlightenment)
5. I undertake the precept to refrain from intoxicating drinks and drugs which impairs the function of my body and mind.
(I shall not consume drug, alcohol, and other addictive materials)
6. I undertake the precept to refrain from eating at the inappropriate time.
(I shall not indulge myself with food and neglect my mind)
7. I undertake the precept to refrain from dancing, singing, music, going to see worldly acts.
(I understand that if I still love to indulge myself with such activities, then I will not be able to escape the cycle of life and death)
8. I undertake the precept to refrain from adorn my body with earthly possession.
(I will not indulge my senses and will not covers my temporary form with faulty material. Instead, I will adorn my Dharma body with Dharma merits from my Bodhi thoughts, deeds, and right meditations)
9. I undertake the precept to refrain from lying on a high or luxurious sleeping place.
(I will not rest while I haven’t reached the enlightenment stage. I will not rest while other sentient beings are still suffering in three miserable realms. I will not enter nirvana and forshaken sentient beings)
10. I undertake the precept to refrain from accepting gold and silver (money).
(I will refrain from accepting and possess any material and wealth since they belongs to sentient beings. I understand that if I do not conquer my greed, I shall not be able to escape the cycle of life and death. I will not dwell in heaven with my great merits while sentient beings are still suffering in other three miserable realms)