Diabetes Diagnosis – First Steps

A diabetes diagnosis can be heartbreaking. It means that worrying about your health will become your #1 priority for a very long time to come. You might not even be sure what supplies you need and be confused after you receive your diagnosis. What now?

In addition to glucose monitoring supplies like testing strips, alcohol swabs, pens, needles, lancing devices, you might need insulin and insulin delivery devices like syringes, insulin pens, glucagon shot kits, dressing kits or Aquacel Ag dressings, not to mention snacks, water, extra skincare supplies – this is a very hard list to wrap your mind around.

In fact, your doctor should supply you with a full list of things you will need. If you think you might have diabetes but aren’t sure, you must visit your doctor for a diabetes test. There are tests for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Your doctor will explain if the test you are required to have required any fasting or any other special preparation. You should get tested if you are:

  • Over forty-five years of age
  • If you had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant. (In this case, you should get tested every 3 years.)
  • If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes you should go back and be retested for diabetes every year
  • If you have a BMI of 25 or more
  • If you experience symptoms like very frequent urination, always feeling tired and hungry, thirsty
  • If you develop patches of dark skin
  • If your cuts and scratches are very slow to heal

Tests for Type 1 Diabetes

There are Several Tests to Establish Whether one is Suffering from Type 1 Diabetes. They Include:

  • Glycated Hemoglobin Test

Also known as the A1C test, this blood sugar test shows the level of blood sugar for not more than 3 months. The test does not require one to stay long without eating.  The test evaluates the percentage of blood sugar present in the hemoglobin and the oxygen-transporting protein in red blood cells.

If the blood sugar levels are high, the quantity of hemoglobin will also be high.

If the results of the test return an A1C level of 65.5% or more for two distinctive tests, that’s a sign that you have diabetes.

Results below 5.7 indicate you don’t have diabetes.

Sometimes certain conditions can make results to appear inaccurate. For instance, an expectant mother will return inconsistent results.

As such, a doctor may suggest the following tests:

  • Random Blood Sugar Test

A doctor will take blood samples for testing at a random time; whether early in the morning, then afternoon and late evening. If the results for the blood sugar test returns a level of 200mg/dL or higher, there is likelihood you have diabetes, whether you have stayed longer before you eat or you haven’t eaten for so long.

  • Fasting Blood Sugar Test

Here you will be required to stay hungry for the whole night before the test. When the results return 100mg/dL or 5.6 mmol/L it means you don’t have diabetes.

Results of 126mg/dL or higher suggest Type 1 diabetes.

  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

This type of diabetes test will require you to fast overnight for the blood sugar level to be examined. After there, you will be asked by your doctor to drink a sugary liquid so that blood sugar level can be tested from time to time for the next couple of hours.

Results of 140mg/dL show that you don’t have diabetes but if the results are more than 200mgd/L after periodic tests, that’s an indication you have diabetes.

In case of Type 1 diabetes is detected, you will be required to provide urine samples for examination to check for the presence of byproduct released when muscle and fat tissue are used to supplement the body with energy when the body lacks sufficient insulin to utilize the existing glucose.

You will also undergo another test to check whether you have the destructive immune system cells that suggest the presence of type 1 diabetes.

If you have been diagnosed and have any questions – don’t feel like you are wasting your doctor’s time by asking every one of them. You have to become a diabetes expert if you are to keep yourself healthy and fit. Ask your doctor what people have done to reverse this condition.